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New model helps explain youthful supernovae

...A new computer model shows how the most youthful type of Ia supernovae could occur within just 100 million years of their formation...

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Cool stars have different life forming ingredients

...New data from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope suggests that planets around cooler stars than our own Sun might have a different set of life-forming ingredients to our Solar System's primordial soup...

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Most detailed map of nearby Universe completed

...A team of international astronomers has completed the most detailed survey of galaxies in the nearby Universe, which not only maps their location, but details their direction and speed of motion, too...

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STS-120 day 2 highlights

Flight Day 2 of Discovery's mission focused on heat shield inspections. This movie shows the day's highlights.

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STS-120 day 1 highlights

The highlights from shuttle Discovery's launch day are packaged into this movie.

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STS-118: Highlights

The STS-118 crew, including Barbara Morgan, narrates its mission highlights film and answers questions in this post-flight presentation.

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STS-120: Rollout to pad

Space shuttle Discovery rolls out of the Vehicle Assembly Building and travels to launch pad 39A for its STS-120 mission.

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Dawn leaves Earth

NASA's Dawn space probe launches aboard a Delta 2-Heavy rocket from Cape Canaveral to explore two worlds in the asteroid belt.

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Dawn: Launch preview

These briefings preview the launch and science objectives of NASA's Dawn asteroid orbiter.

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Kepler’s first view of planet hunting territory

BY DR EMILY BALDWIN

ASTRONOMY NOW

Posted: 16 April, 2009

NASA’s Kepler spacecraft has opened its eyes and blinked at the rich star field where it will search for extraterrestrial planets like Earth.

Kepler wakes up in its new home and takes in a full field of view in the constelllations Cygnus and Lyra. Star cluster NGC 6791 and a star with known planet TrES-2 are identified. Image: NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech.

“Kepler’s first glimpse of the sky is awe-inspiring,” says Kepler program executive Lia LaPiana. “To be able to see millions of stars in a single snapshot is simply breathtaking.”

One of the first images reveals Kepler’s entire field of view covering 100 square degrees and containing some 14 million stars, 100,000 of which have been selected as ideal candidates for planet hunting. Two other views focus on small portions of Kepler’s hunting ground, one of which contains a star called TrES-2, already known to harbour a Jupiter-like planet orbiting its host every 2.5 days.

“It’s thrilling to see this treasure trove of stars,” says William Borucki, science principal investigator for Kepler. “We expect to find hundreds of planets circling those stars, and for the first time, we can look for Earth-size planets in the habitable zones around other stars like the Sun.”

This image zooms into a small portion of Kepler's full field of view, showing hundreds of stars in the constellation Lyra. Brighter stars appear white, and fainter stars, red. Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Over the next three and a half years Kepler will stare at this great expanse of sky, looking for periodic dips in starlight that result from a planet passing in front of their parent stars. While the ultimate goal is to detect small rocky planets in habitable zones around their suns, like the Earth, Kepler is also expected to add to the inventory of known large gaseous planets.

“Everything about Kepler has been optimized to find Earth-size
planets,” says James Fanson, Kepler’s project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. “Our images are road maps that will allow us, in a few years, to point to a star and say a world like ours is there.”

The next few weeks will be spent calibrating Kepler’s instruments, then the hunt for new Earths will be on. Exciting times lie ahead for the world of exoplanet research.

More images can be found on the Kepler website here.

The Planets
From tiny Mercury to distant Neptune and Pluto, The Planets profiles each of the Solar System's members in depth, featuring the latest imagery from space missions. The tallest mountains, the deepest canyons, the strongest winds, raging atmospheric storms, terrain studded with craters and vast worlds of ice are just some of the sights you'll see on this 100-page tour of the planets.
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Hubble Reborn
Hubble Reborn takes the reader on a journey through the Universe with spectacular full-colour pictures of galaxies, nebulae, planets and stars as seen through Hubble's eyes, along the way telling the dramatic story of the space telescope, including interviews with key scientists and astronauts.
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3D Universe
Witness the most awesome sights of the Universe as they were meant to be seen in this 100-page extravaganza of planets, galaxies and star-scapes, all in 3D!
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